XGBoost 2.0: Turbocharging Your Machine Learning Models

Krishna Pullakandam
2 min readOct 4, 2023

XGBoost, a formidable machine-learning library, has garnered a reputation for its prowess in regression, classification, and ranking tasks. Renowned for its speed, precision, and scalability, it has been the go-to choice for data scientists and engineers.

Enter XGBoost 2.0, a groundbreaking release that ushers in a wave of new features and improvements. These enhancements not only augment XGBoost’s power and versatility but also accelerate and simplify the training of machine learning models.

New Features and Improvements:

  1. Tree Method: XGBoost 2.0 introduces the cutting-edge `hist` tree method, now the default method, boasting enhanced efficiency and scalability. Employing a histogram-based approach for data splitting, this method dramatically boosts speed compared to its predecessors.
  2. GPU Supercharge: XGBoost 2.0 unveils enhanced GPU support, including compatibility with the `approx` and `hist` tree methods, featuring vector leaf outputs. This translates to lightning-fast model training for those equipped with GPUs.
  3. Multi-Target Trees: Multi-target trees, a novel addition in XGBoost 2.0, empower tasks like multi-target regression and multi-label classification. With multi-target trees, you can train a single model to predict multiple targets simultaneously, streamlining complex modeling challenges.
  4. Federated Learning: XGBoost 2.0 introduces federated learning support, enabling model training on distributed data across multiple devices without the need to centralize the data. This is particularly valuable for working with sensitive or decentralized data sources.
  5. Additional Gems: XGBoost 2.0 includes an array of other valuable features, such as quantile regression, automatic intercept estimation, and column-based split for federated learning.

Performance Enhancements and Bug Fixes:
Beyond the impressive feature set, XGBoost 2.0 incorporates several performance enhancements and bug fixes. Notably, the `hist` tree method significantly outperforms previous methods, and the library is now optimized for GPU-based training.

Call to Action:
For those already utilizing XGBoost, I strongly recommend upgrading to version 2.0 without delay. The enhancements it brings will streamline and accelerate your machine-learning endeavors.

Additional Insights:
XGBoost 2.0 represents a giant leap forward for the library. The new features, especially multi-target trees, and federated learning, open up exciting possibilities for solving intricate machine learning challenges. Multi-target trees can revolutionize product recommendations and fraud detection, while federated learning tackles the complexities of working with sensitive or decentralized data.

I firmly believe that XGBoost 2.0 will emerge as the preferred machine-learning library for countless data scientists and engineers. Its unparalleled power, flexibility, and efficiency make it the ideal choice for a wide spectrum of machine-learning tasks.

End Note:
XGBoost 2.0 stands as a transformative update to this renowned library, introducing a slew of game-changing features and improvements. These advancements bolster XGBoost’s might and versatility while making the training of machine-learning models more accessible and efficient.



Krishna Pullakandam

Content writer and AI enthusiast. I love to write about technology, business, and culture.